The below is a terrific model of process, activity and outcome in social and therapeutic horticulture, as described in the literature showing the interconnectedness of all elements. I’m sure you’ll recognize the subtle similarities in Maslow’s hierarchy of Needs.

The model was created by The Centre for Child and Family Research, out of the UK and can be found on their website. The model can be found more specifically in one of their many Evidence-based reasearch issues, titled ccfr evidence issue6.